People: Incredible Archaeological Discoveries in China

People: Incredible Archaeological Discoveries in China

Awesome People: Incredible Archaeological Discoveries in China

From the largest taoist temple to the remains of the great Buddha, here are some of the most incredible archaeological discoveries in China

Tomb of the Duke of Yi:
Most cultures and civilizations throughout history have made the final resting place of their kings, emperors, aristocrats and heroes an everlasting luxury of memories told in the poetry of bronze and in the solitude of well-crafted stone, from Egypt’s pyramids to Mayan crypts and Persian cemeteries in an attempt to preserve their history from the trials of time and China is no exception. In 1977, the world of archeology was taken by storm when the People’s Liberation army accidently stumbled upon a royal tomb magnificently built sometime around 443 BC in what is now Suizhou, in the region of Hubei China, bearing 22 coffins one of which is believed to bear the remains of the famous Marquis of Yi otherwise known as the Duke of Yi, ancient eye beads, a collection of ritual bronze vessels, weapons and even the earliest examples of Chinese ink writing on bamboo. The tomb was built using large wooden timbers and it’s made up of four chambers laid out according to the structure of Chinese palaces of the day. The northern chamber is the smallest one and containing various military artifacts from swords and armors to chariot wheels spokes, the central chamber is the largest and holds a startling collection of musical instruments including stone chimes, pan flutes and 64 bronze bells or bianzhong bells which cover a range of five octaves, carefully mounted to be struck by up to five people using wooden mallets. Meanwhile, the western chamber has 13 coffins each one bearing the remains of 13 women presumably servants, slaves or wives while the eastern chamber-by far the most fascinating of the four-holds nine more coffins noticeably more luxurious than the rest and it’s in here that experts have found the lacquer coffin in which they believe, the wealthy Duke of Yi was buried.

China’s most ancient palace
4000 years ago, ancient Chinese people were as fascinated as we are now, with luxury, wealth and architectural beauty. According to findings in 2012, archeologists from the Shanxi institute dug out the remains of a palace that took up a breath-taking 130,000 square meters of space, suggesting that this discovery may indicate the beginnings of the capital system in ancient China.
Deciphering The Dunhuang manuscripts
What is it with caves and important archaeological discoveries? On June 25, 1900 a Daoist monk by the name of Wang Yuanlu discovered a series of documents in the Mogao caves of Dunhuang China. Unfortunately, from the year 1907 onwards the monk began to sell some of the invaluable documents to western and Japanese explorers but thanks to the efforts of scholar Luo Zhenyu, most of the remaining manuscripts were preserved and about a fifth of the collection was taken in 1910 to Beijing and is now safe in the national library of China. Scholars have postulated the idea that the cave served as a Buddhist monastic library, others believe the cave was sealed to protect important religious writings from an invading army but regardless of the existing disputes between experts about the cave’s true function, everyone agrees that these 5th century manuscripts hold age-long mysteries that are of invaluable importance to both Chinese cultural identity and history.
Hemudu Site
Another joyful and comically unexpected accident for archeology took place in the summer of 1973 when the Hemudu Site was accidentally discovered by farmers of a small village in Zhejiang province. With an impressive area of 40000 square meters, the site consists of four cultural relics engraved in 4 meter-thick overlapped rocks which date from about 6000 to 7000 years ago, exhibiting the traditions and beliefs of the Hemudu, a Neolithic culture that worshiped the sun and the spirit of fertility.
World’s Oldest Water-Conservation System
The mystery of Sanxingdui
China’s Largest Taoist Temple
Buddha’s Remains

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